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The Roaring Twenties: An Overview of 1920s Men’s Fashion


The 1920s mens fashion, often referred to as the “Roaring Twenties,” was a decade of significant cultural and social change. Following the devastation of World War I, the world experienced a period of economic prosperity and technological advancement, which led to changes in social attitudes and lifestyles. One of the most noticeable shifts was in fashion, where both men and women began to express themselves through bolder, more modern styles. This article will explore the key elements of 1920s men’s fashion, examining the influences, trends, and enduring impact of this iconic era.

Social and Cultural Influences

  1. Post-War Optimism: After the hardships of World War I, people were eager to enjoy life and embrace new experiences. This optimism was reflected in the bright, lively fashion choices of the era.
  2. Economic Prosperity: The post-war economic boom led to increased consumerism, with more people having disposable income to spend on fashion and luxury items.
  3. Urbanization: The growth of cities and urban lifestyles influenced fashion, as men sought to dress in ways that reflected their modern, sophisticated lives.
  4. Technological Advances: Innovations in manufacturing and textile production made clothing more affordable and accessible to a broader audience.
  5. Cultural Movements: The Jazz Age, flapper culture, and the rise of cinema and celebrity culture all played a role in shaping the fashion trends of the 1920s.

Key Fashion Trends and Styles

The fashion of the 1920s mens fashion marked a move away from the stiff, formal styles of the past towards more relaxed, comfortable clothing. Here are some of the key trends and styles that defined men’s fashion during this decade:

The Three-Piece Sui

The three-piece suit, consisting of a jacket, trousers, and a matching waistcoat, served as a staple of men’s fashion in the 1920s. However, the style and cut of the suit underwent significant changes during this period:

  1. Jacket: The jackets of the 1920s featured a slimmer, more fitted silhouette compared to the boxier styles of previous decades. They had narrow lapels, and high waistlines, and often came in a single-breasted design.
  2. Trousers: Trousers became more tapered and were worn higher on the waist, often held up by suspenders. The cuffs (or turn-ups) at the bottom of the trousers added a sharp, finished look.
  3. Waistcoat: The waistcoat, or vest, formed an essential part of the three-piece suit. Men typically wore it buttoned up, and it often matched the fabric and color of the jacket and trousers.

Casual Wear

The 1920s mens fashion saw the rise of more casual clothing options for men, influenced by the growing popularity of leisure activities and sports. Some notable casual wear items included:

  1. Knickers: Also known as plus-fours, these baggy trousers were typically worn for outdoor activities like golf. Men fastened them just below the knee and often paired them with argyle socks and a matching sweater or jacket.
  2. Sweaters and Cardigans: Knitted garments became more popular during the 1920s, with men wearing sweaters, cardigans, and pullovers for casual occasions. These items often featured bold patterns and colors.
  3. Blazers: Blazers served as a versatile piece of clothing that could be dressed up or down. Men often wore them with flannel trousers or knickers for a smart-casual look.

Evening Wear

For formal evening events, men in the 1920s mens fashion adhered to a strict dress code that often included:

  1. Tuxedo: The tuxedo, or dinner jacket, served as the go-to attire for formal occasions. It was typically black or midnight blue and featured satin or grosgrain lapels. Men wore the jacket with a matching pair of trousers, a white dress shirt, and a black bow tie.
  2. White Tie: For the most formal events, men wore a white tie ensemble, which included a black tailcoat, matching trousers, a white dress shirt, a white bow tie, and a white waistcoat.


Accessories played a crucial role in completing a man’s outfit during the 1920s mens fashion. Some of the most popular accessories included:

  1. Hats: The 1920s were known for a variety of hat styles, with the fedora being one of the most iconic. Other popular styles included the flat cap, the bowler hat, and the straw boater hat.
  2. Shoes: Men in the 1920s favored two-tone shoes, also known as spectator shoes, which featured contrasting colors like black and white or brown and white. Oxford shoes and brogues also gained popularity.
  3. Neckwear: Ties and bow ties were essential accessories, with bold patterns and colors being particularly fashionable. Men also wore cravats and ascots for a more formal or eccentric look.
  4. Pocket Squares: A pocket square, often made of silk, adds a touch of elegance to a suit jacket.
  5. Cufflinks and Tie Clips: These small but essential accessories secured shirts and ties, often featuring intricate designs and made from precious metals.

Iconic Figures and Fashion Icons

Several figures emerged as fashion icons during the 1920s mens fashion, influencing men’s style with their distinctive looks and sartorial choices. Some of the most notable fashion icons of the era included:

  1. The Prince of Wales: Later known as King Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales popularized many trends, including the Windsor knot for neckties and the wearing of Fair Isle sweaters.
  2. Rudolph Valentino: The Hollywood actor was known for his suave, sophisticated style, often seen in tailored suits and evening wear. His on-screen persona influenced many men to adopt a more glamorous approach to fashion.
  3. F. Scott Fitzgerald: The famous author of “The Great Gatsby” embodied the spirit of the Jazz Age, often seen in stylish suits and casual wear that reflected the opulence and extravagance of the time.

The Enduring Legacy of 1920s Men’s Fashion

The fashion trends of the 1920s have left a lasting impact on men’s style, with many elements continuing to influence contemporary fashion. Here are some ways in which the legacy of 1920s men’s fashion endures today:

  1. The Return of Vintage Styles: In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in vintage fashion, with many men embracing the classic styles of the 1920s. This includes the popularity of three-piece suits, waistcoats, and other period-specific clothing items.
  2. Modern Takes on Classic Pieces: Designers often draw inspiration from the 1920s, incorporating elements like high-waisted trousers, tailored jackets, and bold patterns into modern collections.
  3. The Influence of Iconic Figures: The fashion icons of the 1920s continue to inspire contemporary style, with many people looking to figures like the Prince of Wales and Rudolph Valentino for sartorial inspiration.
  4. Cultural References: The 1920s remain a popular reference point in popular culture, with films, TV shows, and literature often depicting the fashion and lifestyle of the era. This has helped keep the style and aesthetic of the 1920s alive in the public consciousness.


The 1920s transformed men’s fashion, marked by a shift towards more relaxed, modern styles that reflected the social and cultural changes of the time. From the elegant three-piece suits to the casual knickers and sweaters, the fashion of the 1920s offered men a new way to express themselves and embrace the spirit of the Jazz Age. Today, the legacy of 1920s men’s fashion continues to influence contemporary style, proving that the trends and innovations of this iconic era remain as relevant and inspiring as ever.

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